Special Education Services at SOESD provide evaluative, consultative, and direct special education services to students with disabilities. Many Special Education Services are available in Jackson, Josephine, and Klamath counties, and some services are also available in Douglas and Lake counties. The OR Project assessment and curriculum and Records Manager software is available worldwide.
101 North Grape Street
Medford, OR 97501
Phone: 776.8590 or 800.636.7450
Speech Language Therapy
The SOESD provides an itinerant speech/language pathologist in each of the district’s schools which request this program. Services provided by the Speech and Language Program are customized to meet the requests of each school and therapy is individualized to address the unique communication needs of each student. Specific communication disorders include articulation, voice, fluency, and language. A licensed speech/language pathologist, and in some cases, an speech/language pathology assistant or educational assistant, may provide a variety of services to each school including direct student instruction, planning and development of therapeutic interventions, working with other staff and parents to develop activities, and providing technical assistance to solve short-term communication problems.
The speech/language pathologist may serve as a consultant to regular education teachers and provide direct therapy to students in both regular and special education classrooms. The proportion of time spent in each of these roles and locations where direct student services are delivered depends on the philosophy, goals, and procedures of each school. The speech/language pathologist plays a significant role in the multidisciplinary team by providing relevant information upon which the team determines the existence of any disability and develops and implements a specially designed program.
Speech Pathologists from the SOESD also provide services to the STEPS and STEPS Plus programs, SOESD programs that serve students with multiple and severe disabilities from resident districts. In addition to the services listed above, the Speech Pathologist serving these programs may provide therapy and/or consultation on Pre-linguistic Communication, Feeding and Swallowing, Augmentative Communication and other non-verbal communication.
Participating counties: Jackson and Josephine. For more information, email: firstname.lastname@example.org or call 541-776-8590 x3110
Q: What are some specific types of communication disorders?
A: Communication disorders can result in problems with:
- Articulation – difficulty making speech sounds or to speak clearly
- Fluency – stuttering
- Voice-hoarseness, loudness, nasality, pitch (too high, too low, monotone)
- Language – understanding and expressing thoughts and ideas
- Social Communication-peer interaction, turn taking, asking and answering questions, conversation skills
- Feeding – chewing and swallowing, taking adequate nutrition for growth
- Inability to speak-no spoken language
Q: What are the signs of a communication disorder?
A: A communication disorder might be present when a person’s speech or language differs from his or her peer group, is difficult to understand, when talking is avoided, or when ineffective communication behaviors result in frustration. As all academics are based on language, failure to succeed in literacy or math might indicate a communication disorder.
Q: What can you do if you suspect a communication disorder?
A: If you suspect a communication disorder contact your child’s teacher, the school speech/language pathologist or your local school district. These service providers will help determine if an evaluation is needed.
Q: What can a speech/language pathologist do to help students with communication disorders?
A: A speech language pathologist can work with classroom teachers and students individually or in groups to improve communication skills necessary to succeed in school and everyday life. Services are provided to help children overcome their disabilities and become more effective communicators, problem-solvers and decision-makers.
Referrals may be generated by a parent, a student, a classroom teacher, a special educator, or a physician who is familiar with the child.
According to IDEA rules and regulations, students aged 5-21 must be evaluated by a licensed Speech/Language Pathologist in order to determine eligibility for special education based upon a communication disorder or autism spectrum disorder.
The IEP team (inclusive of parents) meets to discuss concerns, review records, and decide upon the most appropriate option:
- No further action is needed at the time
- Implement additional classroom modifications and strategies for a designed time and reconvene the team to evaluate progress/effects and again determine the course of action.
- A communication evaluation conducted by a licensed SLP.
The evaluation will include standardized tests, observations, communication samples, and interviews with staff, parents, and/or the child.
Listed below are some common terms related to communication:
- Reception involves accurately hearing sounds and words as well as understanding their meanings. (receptive)
- Expression generally considers one’s ability to formulate and share coherent strings of information. (expressive)
- Fluency is the general ease with which we communicate. Variations may include sound and/or word repetitions, sound prolongations, unusual breathing/speaking patterns or related changes in movement of facial musculature. Depending on the degree and frequency of occurrence, these characteristics may be referred to as stuttering.
- Speech Sound Production, also referred to as
- Articulation or Phonology, addresses an individual’s ability to produce the sounds of language. Overall intelligibility of a speaker is determined by how accurately they can produce our language’s sounds in various word positions (beginning, middle, end) and by how they maintain integrity of sound production (intelligibility) during conversational speech.
- Comprehension involves listening to the language of others and constructing meaning from these communications. When we “comprehend”, we listen and understand what the intent of someone else’s words convey. Comprehension may refer to processing of either verbal input or printed/written input.
- Voice or vocal quality should be clear and age-appropriate without distracting acoustic features such as hoarseness (stridency), breathiness, or obvious struggle.
- Pragmatics provides us with conversational rules. We change the quantity and quality of our talk based upon the perceived needs of our talking partners. We notice breakdowns and attempt repairs.
- Semantics refers to the meaning of words, referential definitions, as they occur in context.
- Morphology focuses on the smallest word units such as ‘s’=plural, “un”-not.
Syntax addresses between-word grammar structures such as rules of subject-verb agreement.
According to IDEA law, at least one standardized assessment tool must be administered to assess eligibility for communication disorder. Scores will serve as one indicator as to how your child’s communication skills performance compares to that of same-aged peers. Scores that are significantly (one and a half or more standard deviations) below those of same age peers may indicate a need to consider a communication disorder. Tests and subtests measure the child’s ability to understand, related to, and use of language and speech clearly and appropriately. The team has agreed that the following will be administered as appropriate:
- Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV (receptive)
- Expressive Vocabulary Test-2 (expressive)
- Test of Problem Solving (synthesis/analysis).
- Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-IV (receptive and expressive subtests)
- Test of Language Development -4 Primary/Intermediate (receptive and expressive)
- WORD Test Elementary -Revised (receptive and expressive)
- WORD Test Adolescent – 2 (receptive and expressive)
- Preschool Language Scale-4- (receptive and expressive)
- Bracken Test of Basic Concepts (receptive and expressive)
- Test of Auditory Comprehension of Language (receptive)
- Test of Semantic Skills, Primary and Intermediate (receptive/expressive)
- Functional Communication Profile -Revised (functional language skills)
- Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation -2 (sound production)
- Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale-3rd revision (sound production)
- Assessment of Phonological Processes R (sound production)
- Photo Articulation Test (sound production)
- Stuttering Severity Instrument -3 (fluency)
In addition to standardized assessment, the following procedures should be a part of a communication evaluation:
- Hearing Screening which includes pure tone hearing screen to assess bilateral sound reception at a basic level and a tympanic screening which screens middle ear functioning.
- Oral Motor Examination which will reveal any structural or functional abnormalities that may interfere with speech and/or feeding/swallowing competencies.
- Parental interview (regarding developmental and communication skills)
A child’s functional or spontaneous competencies must also be considered. Observation and analysis of the child’s communication competencies in his/her educational settings may include sampling and analysis of:
- Spontaneous, conversational language
- Spontaneous speech
- Literacy competencies (sound awareness, spelling, reading, reading comprehension, writing content and organization)
- Keyboarding competence
- Ability to attend and respond to directions as well as to “filter out” extraneous input
- Planning, organization, reasoning, and problem solving related to curriculum (referred to as “Executive Functioning”)
- Memory and recall of general information, stories, poems, songs
- Pragmatic Communication (ability to coordinate conversational relationships)
- Ability to convey information (verbal or written) in a well-organized, cohesive manner
Upon completion of evaluation the team will convene again to review results. Areas the team can consider for a communication disorder include; Fluency, Voice, Phonology or Articulation and Language which includes; syntax, morphology, pragmatics, or semantics. For a language disorder, the team has to determine if the disability is the result of another disability (such as intellectual disability, autism, etc.) before eligibility can be determined. The team will further need to determine that the disability has an adverse impact on education. If the team determines that the student qualifies for special education, an IEP will be developed.
The Speech, Language, and Hearing Program offers these suggested links for parents and professionals to obtain further information about communication and hearing disorders. We have chosen these professional organizations or university bases sites as starting points for connections with other links. We realize that anyone can put anything on the internet and that information you may seek through a general search may or may not be accurate. It is our hope that by accessing these links you may find valid and up-to-date information.
American Speech-Language and Hearing Association
The homepage features information for professionals as well as parents. On-line brochures and links to other sites are easily accessible.
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Clearinghouse(NIDCD)
The NIDCD Clearinghouse responds to the needs of health Professionals, patients, people in industry, and the public by responding to written and telephone inquiries, distributing health related materials, and maintaining a computerized database.
Parents Helping Parents
PHP is a parent-directed family resource center serving children with special needs, their families, and the professionals who serve them. It provides a variety of services, including support in the following languages: Japanese, Spanish, and Vietnamese
Oregon Technology Access Project (OTAP)
The Oregon Technology Access Program (OTAP) provides training, information, technical assistance and resources regarding the uses of technology for children with disabilities. OTAP services are available to anyone concerned with the needs of Oregon children with disabilities from birth to age twenty-one. The program is sponsored by the Oregon Department of Education (ODE).
The following organizations sponsor self-help groups for people with speech, language, and/or swallowing disorders.
1825 K Street, St. 1200
Washington, DC 20006
Autism Society of America
4340 East-West Hwy., St. 350
Bethesda, MD 20814
The Brain Injury Association
1608 Spring Hill Road, ST 110
Vienna, VA 22182
Learning Disabilities Association of America (LDA)
4156 Library Road
Pittsburg, PA 15234-1349
National Aphasia Association
350 Seventh Avenue, St. 902
New York, NY 10001
National Coalition on Auditory Processing Disorders
National Easter Seal Society
233 S. Wacker Drive, ST. 2400
Chicago, IL 60606
National Stuttering Association
119 W. 40th Street, 14th floor
New York, NY 10018
The Stuttering Foundation
P.O. Box 11749
Memphis, TN 38111-0749